Which region is known as the storehouse of biodiversity?

The tropical rainforests are inhabited by teeming millions of species of plants, birds, amphibians, insects as well as mammals.

Which region has the most biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What country is the center of biodiversity?

Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.

What defines the biodiversity of a region?

Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.

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What is an area where most biodiversity exists?

The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. The New Zealand archipelago is another hotspot. Life on New Zealand evolved in isolation, so the islands contain many species not found anywhere else.

Which habitat exhibits the greatest biodiversity?

Specifically, biodiversity of land species is greatest in tropical forests and marine diversity is greatest along coral reefs.

What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

Why is India called a mega biodiversity country?

India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.

Which one is a region of mega diversity?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

What is mega biodiversity country?

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.

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Which is the hotspot region?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

Which regions are included in biodiversity hotspot?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

Who is the father of biodiversity?

Wilson. BOZEMAN — A two-time Pulitzer Prize winner known as the Father of Biodiversity will receive Montana State University’s Presidential Medal for Global and Visionary Leadership on Thursday, April 9. Entomologist Edward O.