Why climate change is impacting the foothills of the Andes mountains?

Climate change is impacting the foothills of the Andes Mountains by melting them. 22% of the the surface area of these tropical glaciers have already disappeared within the last 30 years. In the dry seasons so many of the people and the wild life in the area depend on these mountains to provide drinking water.

How does climate change affect the Andes Mountains?

Yet changing temperatures and weather patterns have resulted in extreme droughts, hailstorms and frost, which is impacting food production and agriculture at altitude in the Andes and beyond.

What climate threats do the Andes mountains have?

Rapid rates of human encroachment, urbanization, deforestation and land use changes are taking place along the Andes (Figure 1). These developments make the region and their populations highly vulnerable to extreme weather events and impose a huge toll in terms of socioeconomic, environmental and ecological impacts.

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Why does the range of climate vary in Andes Mountain?

These temperatures are mainly from biomes around and in the Andes Mountains. The precipitation of the Andes Mountain climate changes but not drastically between two places. In Colombia there is a lot of rainfall all year round. In Ecuador there is the desert climate without much rainfall.

What is the climate like in the Andes Mountains?

The climate of the Andes is very diverse climate. … The northern part of the Andes is rainy and warm. The southern part is rainy and cold and the central part is very dry. The mountains have a large influence on the climate in the surrounding areas; especially in the interior where the Andes borders the rainforest.

What is the main factor that determines the climate in the Andes?

Ch 10 Andes and Midlatitude Countries

Question Answer
Why is the population in the tierra helada region of the Andes sparse? cold, harsh climate
What is the main factor that determines climate in the Andes? Altitude

How do the Andes affect the climate of South America?

The Andes have a direct mechanical influence on the climatology of South America by forcing orographic precipitation along the eastern flanks of the Andes, and blocking westerly flow from the Pacific. … The Andes also influence convection over the Amazon basin.

What are the four climate regions of the Andes Mountains?

Vertical climatic zones are particularly well-defined in the Andes, ranging from humid to warm (tierra caliente) at the base or foothills; temperate and semi-humid (tierra templada) at mid-level; cool and dry (tierra fría) in the highlands; and cold to freezing (tierra helada) in the glacial summit areas.

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What is unusual about the weather in the Andes mountain ecosystem?

What is unusual about the weather in the Andes Mountain ecosystem? It is the most unstable mountain weather on Earth.

How have the Andes Mountains changed over time?

It’s been understood that the Andes mountain range has been growing as the Nazca oceanic plate slips underneath the South American continental plate, causing the Earth’s crust to shorten (by folding and faulting) and thicken.

What are the three main factors that influence climate?

Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents.

What are the five climate zones of the Andes?

∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.

Why is the climate arid on the western coast of South America?

Cause and origin

The northern portion of the Arid Diagonal is a result of the blocking of the trade winds by the barrier formed by the Central Andes and the South Pacific High. To the south in the westerlies, the rain shadow that the Southern Andes casts over eastern Patagonia similarly blocks moisture.