Why is biodiversity of Sikkim unique?

Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species. Sikkim also has 28 Mountains/Peaks, more than 80 Glaciers, 227 high altitude lakes/wetlands and over 104 rivers and streams. … Many species of Himalayan origin have revolutionized the allopathic systems of medicine.

Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?

Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.

What are the unique feature of ecology in Sikkim?

The diverse forest types include deciduous Sal, wet hill forests, dense Oak forests, extensive conifer forests and unique Rhododendron thickets giving way to rolling alpine meadows. Ecosystems range from humid tropical valleys to temperate montane habitat, alpine meadows and trans-himalayan cold desert.

How is Sikkim a biodiversity hotspot?

Sikkim covering just 0.2 % of the geographical area of the country has tremendous biodiversity and has been identified as one of the HOT-SPOT in the Eastern Himalayas.


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Biodiversity at a Glance Nos
Rhododendrons 36
Conifers 16
Bamboos 28
Ferns and Ferns allies 362

What is Sikkim biodiversity?

Covering just 0.22% of the geographical area of India, Sikkim shows great biological diversity. The vast altitudinal variation of elevations from around 300 m to 8598 m within very short distances is responsible for the varied ecoregions of the State.

How many biodiversity are there in Sikkim?

Although Sikkim comprises only 0.2% of the land area of India, it contains an astounding 26% of the nation’s biodiversity (including 4,500 species of flowering plants, 550 species of birds and more than 600 species of butterflies).

What is importance biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What do you know about biodiversity?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What is the old name of Sikkim?

According to folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital, Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning “paradise”.

What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?

Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.

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What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

What is Sikkim flora?

The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. In the temperate zone, the flora consist of Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Birch, Alder, Magnolia and Silver Fir. … There are about 35 species of Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of 10,000 feet.

What is your role in conservation of biodiversity?

Biodiversity conservation, the practice of protecting and preserving the wealth and variety of species, habitats, ecosystems, and genetic diversity on the planet, is important for our health, wealth, food, fuel, and services we depend on. … Biodiversity conservation is vital for economic growth and poverty reduction.