2 Population is growing rapidly, far outpacing the ability of our planet to support it, given current practices. Overpopulation is associated with negative environmental and economic outcomes ranging from the impacts of over-farming, deforestation, and water pollution to eutrophication and global warming.
How does population growth affect the environment?
Populations and Environmental Issues
More people require more resources, which means that as the population increases, the Earth’s resources deplete more rapidly. The result of this depletion is deforestation and loss of biodiversity as humans strip the Earth of resources to accommodate rising population numbers.
Why is overpopulation an environmental issue?
Allan P. Drew, a forest ecologist, put it this way: “Overpopulation means that we are putting more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than we should, just because more people are doing it and this is related to overconsumption by people in general, especially in the ‘developed’ world.”
Why is population growth an important issue?
Why Population is Important
As human populations grow, human demands for resources like water, land, trees, and energy also grow. … Population growth has relatively easy and inexpensive solutions and because population impacts every environmental challenge — it is an essential element to achieve sustainability.
What are 3 problems caused by population growth?
Human overpopulation is among the most pressing environmental issues, silently aggravating the forces behind global warming, environmental pollution, habitat loss, the sixth mass extinction, intensive farming practices and the consumption of finite natural resources, such as fresh water, arable land and fossil fuels, …
How does population growth affect the environment essay?
Growing population will result in the depletion of natural resources such as water, fossil fuels (Hubert, 1982); deforestation and loss of ecosystems; and emergence of new diseases. It will also lead to more starvation, hunger and unhygienic living conditions in poor countries.
What are the negative effects of population growth?
It leads to the cutting of forests for cultivation leading to several environmental change. Besides all this, the increasing population growth leads to the migration of large number to urban areas with industrialization. This results in polluted air, water, noise and population in big cities and towns.
What is the importance of population to the environment?
The increasing population numbers and growing affluence have already resulted in rapid growth of energy production and consumption in India. The environmental effects like ground water and surface water contamination; air pollution and global warming are of growing concern owing to increasing consumption levels.
What are the effects of population growth?
The Effects of Overpopulation
More people means an increased demand for food, water, housing, energy, healthcare, transportation, and more. And all that consumption contributes to ecological degradation, increased conflicts, and a higher risk of large-scale disasters like pandemics.
How does population growth affect economic growth?
Population changes negatively affect economic growth when there is rapid growth without social improvement and slow population growth and slow social development (Type Y). Population effects can be mediated by other factors; analysis should be on a country specific basis.